• Effective against a wide range of heavy metals, chlorinated compounds, and other contaminants.
  • Converts hexavalent and trivalent chromium to chromium hydroxide in a one-step reaction. See Overall Effectiveness of Water Treatment Process for Cr(III) and Cr(VI).
  • Provides more stability in subsurface environments than other reductants; it creates a persistent reducing zone in the subsurface.
  • May be applied to in-situ and ex-situ media.
  • NSF approved for ANSI Standard 60 drinking water treatment.
  • REMOTOX® Calcium Polysulfide is a strong, yet relatively inexpensive reducing agent.

Calcium Polysulfide is fairly safe to handle out in the field. It is a non-toxic remedial amendment that oxidizes under aerobic conditions to form calcium, elemental sulfur and sulfate. Numerous applications have been conducted successfully at various remediation sites over the past 40 years, and no detrimental impact to the environment and public health and safety have been observed. This product is also widely used in agricultural applications on fruit trees, grapes and berries, and as a soil amendment for treating sodic and saline-sodic soils. 

When introduced into the environment, it dissociates to form bisulfide, aqueous hydrogen sulfide and other sulfur compounds. Heavy metal ions are precipitated as less soluble, less toxic metal sulfides by these breakdown products. Metal hydroxides change solubility with changes in pH. Metal sulfides remain insoluble within a wide pH range. See Solubility of Metal Hydroxides and Sulfides as a Function of pH. While effective treatment can be achieved over a wide pH range, best results are typically obtained within pH 7-10. Adjustments to the pH of the treatment system can enhance the metal precipitation process. See pH Guidelines for Treatment of Soluble Metal Streams.

The US EPA has identified calcium polysulfide as a reagent suitable for use in in-situ chemical reduction (ISCR), stabilization and solidification of multiple contaminants. Several abstracts and studies are available through CLU-IN Technologies, the Hazardous Waste Clean-Up Information website, sponsored by the US EPA. 

Bench scale evaluation and case studies on Calcium Polysulfide for the remediation of hexavalent chromium can also be found in the Chromium (VI) Handbook, available for purchase at CRC Press Online or at Amazon.com. See also Summary of Studies on Cr(VI) Reduction by Calcium Polysulfide.

For additional information, samples or pricing information, please do not hesitate to contact us at 1-623-328-5175 or by email at info@grauschemicals.com

REMOTOX® for cost-effective remediation and stabilization of heavy-metal contaminated soil, sediments and groundwater.

Soil Remediation
Chromium, zinc, copper, lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic are among the most common metal contaminants found at remediation sites. 

REMOTOX®, a Calcium Polysulfide Solution, precipitates these highly soluble metals as less soluble, less toxic metal sulfides. In the case of chromium, the metal precipitates as chromium hydroxide. 
Application Advantages:

Remotox Calcium Polysulfide for the remediation and stabilization of multiple contaminants in soil, sediment and groundwater.

Calcium Polysulfide, the preferred reagent for in situ chemical reduction (ISCR)

The Chromium (VI) Handbook includes field trial data on Calcium Polysulfide for in-situ remediation of hexavalent chromium.

Calcium Polysulfide for cost-effective remediation of hexavalent chromium.